In addition to your yearly physical, you may want to consider having a visual field test to check for vision problems. This test measures the range of vision from one eye to the other and can detect specific areas of damage in the brain. It can also detect problems in the eyes that are not obvious, such as blind spots. A yearly eye exam is not only an important part of your preventive health care, but it can also help you avoid diseases that can cause vision problems later in life.
If you have a family history of high cholesterol, your doctor may recommend a lipid panel test every four to six years. If you have an abnormal cholesterol level, you may have an increased risk of heart disease or stroke. Other blood tests that may be necessary include a triglyceride test and a glucose test. Your doctor will discuss the recommended blood tests with you and let you know whether they are necessary for your health. Some doctors recommend that adults start having lipid tests at age 20 and have them every five years afterward. However, if you have a family history of diabetes, your doctor may recommend more frequent screenings.
While you may have no family history of diabetes, you should still be tested every year for diabetes. You should have a BMI over 25. If you have a family history of diabetes, you should be checked every three years for diabetic complications. A breast examination is also recommended, either by yourself or by a clinical provider. Finally, you should get a flu shot every year starting at age 50. There are several types of flu vaccines available. You should discuss your health care with your health provider and make an appointment for a flu shot every year.